CDC provides wealth of Anthrax information in PDF
Government health agency at the forefront of bioterrorism detection, treatment

16 October 2001

By Kurt Foss, Planet PDF Editor

Following the September 11 terrorist attacks in the U.S., and particularly since the first reported case of Anthrax exposure, many U.S. government agencies have been working on high-alert status. Moreso than ever, some of the decisions they are now making -- or not -- literally could have life-or-death implications for American citizens.

CDC Health Advisory

One of the agencies thrust into a high-profile, mission-critical role is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), based in Atlanta. According to its own mission statement, the agency -- part of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) -- is charged with "promoting health and quality of life and preventing disease, injury, and disability."

In terms of counteracting bioterrorism, the CDC's self-described responsibility is "to provide national leadership in the public health and medical communities in a concerted effort to detect, diagnose, respond to, and prevent illnesses, including those that could occur as a result of bioterrorism or any other deliberate attempt to harm the health of our citizens."

A recent New York Times article "C.D.C. Team Tackles Anthrax" details the agency's urgent call to action -- including a few short-term glitches -- in response to the current incidents of and continuing concerns about bioterrorism in the United States.

According to the Times, the CDC's primary efforts are two-fold:

  • "detecting any communicable agent that might have been released. .... the information is crucial in assessing the potential harm to other people."

  • "informing the public of the Anthrax cases, the steps the C.D.C. is taking to combat the threat to public health, and what people can do"

What you need to know about Anthrax

The CDC is one of numerous government agencies that makes significant use of PDF, as was featured in "Governments cut red tape with PDF," published a couple years ago on Adobe's Web site. Through its close cooperation with other national and international health organizations and governments, the CDC plays a vital role in prevention, diagnosis and treatment worldwide. Accordingly, the CDC Web site and several related sub-sites, offer a wealth of information related to the Anthrax bacteria, much of it available in print-ready PDF.

Anthrax: The Basics

  • Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis.

  • Anthrax most commonly occurs in hoofed mammals and can also infect humans.

  • Symptoms of disease vary depending on how the disease was contracted, but usually occur within 7 days after exposure. The serious forms of human anthrax are inhalation anthrax, cutaneous anthrax, and intestinal anthrax.

  • Initial symptoms of inhalation anthrax infection may resemble a common cold. After several days, the symptoms may progress to severe breathing problems and shock. Inhalation anthrax is often fatal.

  • The intestinal disease form of anthrax may follow the consumption of contaminated food and is characterized by an acute inflammation of the intestinal tract. Initial signs of nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, and fever are followed by abdominal pain, vomiting of blood, and severe diarrhea.

  • Direct person-to-person spread of anthrax is extremely unlikely, if it occurs at all. Therefore, there is no need to immunize or treat contacts of persons ill with anthrax, such as household contacts, friends, or coworkers, unless they also were also exposed to the same source of infection.

  • In persons exposed to anthrax, infection can be prevented with antibiotic treatment. Early antibiotic treatment of anthrax is essential-delay lessens chances for survival. Anthrax usually is susceptible to penicillin, doxycycline, and fluoroquinolones.

  • An anthrax vaccine also can prevent infection. Vaccination against anthrax is not recommended for the general public to prevent disease and is not available.

-- "Facts about Anthrax," Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


CDC's Anthrax information in PDF

PDF In-Depth Free Product Trials Ubiquitous PDF

Debenu Aerialist

The ultimate plug-in for Adobe Acrobat. Advanced splitting, merging, stamping, bookmarking, and link...

Download free demo

Debenu PDF Tools Pro

It's simple to use and will let you preview and edit PDF files, it's a Windows application that makes...

Download free demo

Back to the past, 15 years ago! Open Publish 2002

Looking back to 2002, it's amazing how much of the prediction became a reality. Take a read and see what you think!

September 14, 2017
Platinum Sponsor

Search Planet PDF
more searching options...
Planet PDF Newsletter
Most Popular Articles
Featured Product

Debenu PDF Aerialist

The ultimate plug-in for Adobe Acrobat. Advanced splitting, merging, stamping, bookmarking, and link control. Take Acrobat to the next level.


Adding a PDF Stamp Comment

OK, so you want to stamp your document. Maybe you need to give reviewers some advice about the document's status or sensitivity. This tip from author Ted Padova demonstrates how to add stamps with the Stamp Tool along with related comments.